My article “Believing is Seeing” was published in Economic and Political Weekly, August 15, 2015. In this article I challenge the assumption that poetry and fiction are frivolous. First, I illustrate that one of the biggest political events that transformed the shape of the Arab world in the middle of the previous century — Egypt’s Free Officers Movement — and the subsequent revolts that were modeled on Egypt’s coup, were inspired by a fictional character. Second, I remind my readers that some nonfiction fields, such as philosophy, psychology, economics and theology, depend on the study of fiction and poetry or on their elements. Finally, I question the very definition of “fact” as opposed to “fiction” on a biological level by looking briefly at the eye and its relationship to the brain.